B The Traditional Chronology of the Life of Muhammad

570:  The birth of Muhammad

595: Muhammad’s marriage to Khadija

610: Muhammad announces the first Qur’an revelation 〈31.〉

To you your religion and to me mine〈32.〉

The ‘satanic verses〈33.〉

619: The death of Khadija

621: 〈34.〉 The Night Journey

〈35.〉 Splitting the moon


622: The first permission to fight 〈36.〉 / the hijra (migration to Yathrib/Medina) 〈37.〉


623: The raid on Naklah 〈38.〉

 Changing the Qibla 〈39.〉

624: The Battle of Badr 〈40.〉

First raids on Bedouin tribes

The Banu Qaynuqa are expelled from Medina 〈42.〉

625: The Battle of Uhud 〈41.〉

The Banu Nadir are expelled from Medina 〈42〉

627: The Battle of the Trench 〈43.〉

The annihilation of the Banu Qurayza 〈44.〉


628: The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah 〈45.〉


629: The conquest of Kaybar 〈46.〉


630: The conquest of Mecca 〈47.〉

The Battles of Hunayn and Autas 〈48.〉


631: The conquest of Tabouk 〈49.〉

Raids into Yemen

The Farewell Sermon

Jizya 〈50.〉

The Sword Verse〈51.〉

632: The Death of Muhammad


Due to the nature of the sources, it is not possible to construct a biography of Muhammad in which the details of every event will be agreed by every Muslim. However, it is believed that what is offered in this section as the traditional narrative is in full accord with the traditional, orthodox Muslim understanding of the history of Muhammad, using the earliest sources that we have available to us. Unless indicated otherwise, quotations from Ibn Ishaq’s biography of the Muhammad are taken from Alfred Guillaume’s reconstruction of it in The Life of Muhammad, A translation of Ibn Ishaq’s Sirat rasul Allah.